Common Name : Saw Tooth Grain Beetle

Scientific Name : Oryzaephilus surinamensis

Size : 2.5 – 3 mm long

Description :
Flattened, reddish-brown, and about 1/10-inch long.Six saw tooth-like projections on each side of the thorax (middle part between the head and the wing covers). Under magnification, the saw toothed grain beetle has exposed eyes.Males can be separated from females by observing a tooth on the femur of the hind leg.

Habitat :
Beetles thrive on the dust of flour though they will readily feed on just about anything found in the home intended for people or pets.

Lifecycle :
The adult beetles usually deposit their eggs in the food stuffs they infest. A single female can lay from 45 to 250 or more eggs which hatch in 3 to 17 days depending on the temperature.The larva is yellowish white with a brown head and measures 1/8 of an inch in length when fully grown. The larval period lasts from 2 to 10 weeks after which they pupate by sticking together small bits of the food material to form a protective covering around their bodies. The pupal stage lasts from one to three weeks after which the new adults emerge.The adults are long-lived and have been kept alive for over 3 years Under ideal conditions the life cycle is completed in about 4 weeks.

Disease Transmitted :
They do not bite or sting humans or pets; do not spread disease .

Type of Damage :
The eggs are deposited on cracks in grain kernels. They can build up to high numbers in stored grain .

Sources / Breeding :
High moisture grain attracts insects and enhances more rapid breeding than does dry grain.

Prevention :
Freeze grains, flour, dried fruit and other dry foods from bulk food stores in the household freezer for a week before transferring the products to cupboards Store food in insect proof containers of glass or strong plastic with tight-fitting lids, and Clean kitchen counters and vacuum the insides of cabinets to remove spills and debris .

Sanitation :
Maintaining clean conditions is the best control. In warehouses and bulk storage facilities, products should be stored away from walls to make it easy to clean behind the containers.All spills should be cleaned up immediately. Stock should be rotated regularly.

Reduce Humidity :
Grains should be stored in a cool dry area.In commercial facilities, ventilation can be increased to reduce the moisture content of the grain.